hayashi yasuo 林康夫(1928- )
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Hayashi Yasuo (1928-) began his artistic career in the 1950s, and is now considered one of the most important forerunners of abstraction in contemporary Japanese ceramics. As a founding member of the Shikokai association of potters, he played a role in the modernization of the medium from the very beginning. The Shikokai group boldly explored new forms for ceramics, and took the medium in truly innovative sculptural directions. Not only was Hayashi the group's youngest member, but also its most celebrated. His abstract ceramic sculpture far outshined that of his contemporaries. His Cloud of 1948 is arguably the very first abstract ceramic sculpture made in Japan.
In 1950, Hayashi was included in the first exhibition of contemporary Japanese ceramics to be held in Europe. Set at the prestigious Cernuschi Museum in Paris, the show also included the celebrated Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi. His playful take on formalism recalls the ideas behind the Minimalist movement in America in its willingness to experiment with the boundaries between two- and three-dimensionality.
Hayashi exhibited and travelled widely, and so would have been familiar with the international art trends of his time. This work is one in a large oeuvre that reinforces Hayashi's status as a groundbreaking ceramic sculptor.
Selected Public Collections:
Contemporary Crafts Museum & Gallery, Portland, OR, U.S.A.
Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY, U.S.A.
Museum of Art & Design, New York, NY, U.S.A.
New Orleans Museum of Art, LA, U.S.A.
Institute for Japanese Art, Hanford, CA, U.S.A.
Minneapolis Museum of Arts, Minnesota, U.S.A.
International Experimental Ceramic Studio, Kecskemet, Hungary
Argentina Museum, Japan House
National Gallery of Australia
Canadian Clay & Glass Gallery, Ontario, Canada
Museum of Decorative Art, Praha, Czech Republic
Musee National De Ceramique, Sevres, France
Vallauris Ceramic Museum, Museum of Modern Art, France
Faenza International Ceramics Museum, Italy
Obidos Museum of Art, Portugal
I Chon World Ceramic Center, South Korea
Seoul Metropolitan Museum, South Korea
TOTAL Open-Air Museum, Seoul, South Korea
Victoria & Albert Museum, London, U.K.
University of Wales, U.K.
Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Contemporary Ceramics, Shigaraki, Japan
National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan
Museum of Modern Art, Wakayama, Japan
Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, Japan
Hiroshima Prefectural Art Museum, Japan
National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan
Takamatsu City Museum of Art, Japan
Kyoto Prefectural Library and Archives, Japan
Nagano Prefectural Shinano Art Museum, Japan
Osaka University of Arts, Japan
Misho School of Flower Arrangement, Japan
Ohara School of Flower Arrangement, Japan
Chushin Art Foundation, Kyoto, Japan
1950 Second Mayor Prize in the 3rd Ashiya Municipal Exhibition, Japan
1972 Faenza Prize in the 30th Faenza International Ceramics Competition, Faenza, Italy
1973 First Prize in Calgary International Ceramics Exhibition 1973, Canada
1974 Grand Prize in the 4th International Biannual of Ceramic Art in Vallauris, France
1982 Special Prize for the Association of Art and Culture in the 8th International Biannual of Ceramic Art in Vallauris, France
Fletcher Brownbuilt Pottery Award, Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand
1986 Special Jury Prize and Gold Prize in the 10th International Biannual of Ceramic Art in Vallauris, France
1987 Grand Prize in Modern Ceramics at the 1st Odidos International Biannual,
1994 Award in Kyoto Municipal Museum Exhibition
1998 Received Kyoto City Distinguished Service Award
1999 Received Kyoto Art & Culture Award
2005 Received Visual Arts Emeritus Award & Emeritus Medal from Australian Government Australia Council for the Arts
1928 Born in Kyoto
1940 Studied traditional Japanese painting
1946 Begins to make pottery after his father
1947 Joins “SHIKOKAI,” avant-garde ceramic group as one of the founders
1959 Commissioned relief for the Hyogo Prefectural Labor Hall, Kobe
1968 Starts teaching at Craft Department, Osaka Univ. of Arts
1974 Commissioned Relief for Shingu Primary School, Hyogo
1980 Japan-US Association University Study Trip to California College of Art & Craf, San Francisco and Auckland Conference of I.A.C. in Kyoto
1981 Commissioned relief for Kamo Hospital
1987 Artist in Residence in International Experimental Studio, Kecskemet, Hungary
Publishes Hayashi Yasuo: Documents and Chronology
1990 Artist in Residence in Canberra School of Art, Australia, funded by Japan Foundation
Judge for 1990 Commonwealth Bank National Ceramic Award, Canberra, Australia
1995 The 5th International Potters Festival, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK
2001 Contributed to stage art Opera “Peony Palace” with color transparency images, Acropolis & Palais des festivals, Cannes
Lecture and Artist in residence, Shigaraki Ceramic Park Museum
2003 Judge, 21st Asahi Modern Craft Competition
2004 Judge, 17th Fugoku Biennale, Asahi Newspaper
2005 Judge, 51th All Kansai Art Exhibition, Osaka Municipal Museum of Art
Selected Solo Exhibitions:
1958 Sato Gallery, Tokyo
1959 Hankyu Department Store, Osaka/ Yoseido Gallery, Tokyo
1964-5 Gallery 16, Kyoto
1976-7 Seibu Department Store, Ikebukuro Tokyo
1978 Daimaru Department Store, Tokyo/ Seikado Gallery, Tokyo/ Hotel Okura, Tokyo
1981 Osaka Contemporary Art Center, Osaka
1982-3 Gallery Chayamachi, Osaka
1985 Daiken Gallery, Osaka/ Gallery Sanjo, Kyoto/ Gallery Haku, Osaka
1986 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo
1988 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo/ Gallery Beni
1989 Institute Franco-Japonais du Kansai, Kyoto
1990 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo / Canberra School of Art, Australia
1991 Gallery Beni
1992 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo/ Hirakata Kintetsu Art Gallery. Osaka
1993 Gallery Tenjiku, Tokyo/ Contemporary Crafts Gallery, Portland
1994 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo/ Gallery Tenjiku, Tokyo/ Gallery Sanjo
1995 Galerie L, Hamburg, Germany
1996 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo/ Gallery Beni
1997 Akasaka Green Gallery, Tokyo
1998 Osaka Prefectural Contemporary Art Center
2000 Akasaka Green Gallery/Gallery Sanjo, Kyoto
2002 Akasaka Green Gallery/Gallery Sanjo, Kyoto
2003 Aoyama Green Gallery, Tokyo
2005 Gion Konishi Gallery, Kyoto
Dai Ichi Arts, Ltd., New York, NY
2006 Paramita Museum, Mie, Japan