06/16/18 | Celadon
How can I miss that celadon was initiated in Zhou Dynasty (周, BC1121-BC221), 3500 years ago in China? I never realized celadon (青瓷) was fired that early. Ancient miracle!
The excavation in 1950s and 1960s proved early celadon production in Hubei province was as early as Six Dynasty (六朝, 222-589AD), Sui Dynasty (隋, 581-618AD) and Tang Dynasty (唐, 618-907AD) as well. Huh!
The excavation shows as early as Eastern Han period (後漢, 25-220 AD), China already has matured high temperatures, reduction firing.
As Chinese love Jade so much, they tried to man make jade color, Qinci (青瓷) is a version of jade color. Qinci was not called celadon in old China, only till the French associated this color with their theater character Celadon's costume color, the whole world started to adopted celadon to describe porcelain cover in pale blueish glaze as celadon.
Celadon was imported from China to Japan as treasure started in Heian period (平安, 794-1185) however people started produced their own celadon as late as 17th century. The colors of celadon are varied due to the content of iron in the glaze, and atmosphere of firing, it can be beige to blue and green. That the medium still draws practitioners over a thousand years later is a testament to its arresting beauty and the room for creativity within the medium. This group of modern masters of Japanese ceramics illustrates celadon's range, as each artist introduces his own innovations and creative sensibilities.